FAQ


What is Orthodontics?

When Should Orthodontic Treatment Begin?


What are some possible benefits of orthodontics?


What are some signs that braces may be needed?


How Does Orthodontic Treatment Work?


What is Phase I and Phase II treatment?


Would an adult patient benefit from orthodontics?

How Long Will I Have to Wear Braces?


Do braces hurt?;




What is Orthodontics? 

Orthodontics is the specialty branch of dentistry that focuses entirely on diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. The technical term for these problems is "malocclusion" which literally means "bad bite." The practice of orthodontics requires extensive professional skill in the design, application, and control of corrective appliances (braces) to bring teeth, lips, and jaws into proper alignment and achieve facial balance.




When Should Orthodontic Treatment Begin?

An early orthodontic screening examination allows the orthodontist to best determine the optimum time for treatment to begin. The American Association of Orthodontists recommends this visit for every child by the age of 7. This does not mean that all children need treatment at this age, but it does allow the orthodontist to assess each individual case to determine who could benefit from early intervention. In some cases, early intervention can prevent the need for future treatment or at least reduce the complexity of future treatment, reduce the need for extractions and gain a better overall result. 




What are some possible benefits of orthodontics?
 
A more attractive smile Reduced appearance-consciousness during critical development years Better function of the teeth Healthier jaw joints (TMJ health) Possible increase in self-confidence Increased ability to clean the teeth Improved force distribution and wear patterns of the teeth Better long term health of teeth and gums Guide permanent teeth into more favourable positions Reduce the risk of injury to protruded front teeth Aid in optimizing other dental treatment 




What are some signs that braces may be needed?
 
Upper front teeth protrude excessively over the lower teeth, or are bucked Upper front teeth cover the majority of the lower teeth when biting together (deep bite) Upper front teeth are behind or inside the lower front teeth (underbite) The upper and lower front teeth do not touch when biting together (open bite) Crowded or overlapped teeth The center of the upper and lower teeth do not line up Finger or thumb sucking habits which continue after six or seven years old Difficulty chewing Teeth wearing unevenly or excessively The lower jaw shifts to one side or the other when biting together Spaces between the teeth 




How Does Orthodontic Treatment Work?

Braces use steady, gentle pressure to gradually move teeth into their proper positions. The brackets that Dr. Floros places on your teeth, and the archwire that connects them, are the main components. Dr. Floros shapes the archwire to move your teeth into your ideal bite. As the wire tries to return to its original shape, it applies pressure to actually move your teeth to their new positions.




What is Phase I and Phase II treatment?

Phase I, or early interceptive treatment, is limited orthodontic treatment (i.e. expander or partial braces) before all of the permanent teeth have erupted. Such treatment can occur between the ages of five and ten. This treatment is sometimes recommended to make more space for developing teeth, correction of crossbites, overbites, underbites, or harmful oral habits. Phase II treatment is also called comprehensive treatment, because it involves full braces when all of the permanent teeth have erupted, usually between the ages of eleven and thirteen.




Would an adult patient benefit from orthodontics?

Orthodontic treatment can be successful at any age. The biological process involved in tooth movement is the same in both adults and children. The health of the teeth, gums, and supporting bone is very important to the success of orthodontic treatment in adults as well as children. Because an adult's bones are no longer growing, certain extreme corrections involving the facial bones cannot be accomplished with braces alone. Sometimes, adult orthodontic treatment may have to be combined with the efforts of an oral surgeon to achieve the final result.




How Long Will I Have to Wear Braces?

Treatment time with orthodontic appliances can range from one to three years. The actual time depends on the severity of the problem, the cooperation of the patient, and the growth of the patient's mouth and face. Some individuals respond faster to treatment than others, and minor problems may require less time. After the braces are removed, is recommended that the patients wear retainers to help keep the teeth in their new positions. Retainers are to be worn full time for one year, after which the amount of time worn each day can be gradually reduced until eventually worn just at night for as long as possible.




Do braces hurt? 

The placement of bands and brackets on your teeth does not hurt. Once your braces are placed and connected with the archwires you may feel some soreness of your teeth for one to four days. Your lips and cheeks may need one to two weeks to get used to the braces on your teeth.

 

   
 


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